Always keep your smile !

prevention_cleanings_21

The dental exam is critical to your ongoing oral health and only your dentist can perform this. The dental exam can catch problems early before you see or feel them when they are much easier and less expensive to treat. The dentist looks in your mouth for things that can affect your oral and your overall health. Many of these are things you can’t see on your own, but a dentist is trained to detect. Here is some of what your dentist is looking for during a dental exam:

  • Damaged, missing or decayed teeth
  • Early signs of cavities
  • Condition of your gums, such as periodontal pockets, inflammation or other signs of gum disease
  • Previous dental work such as root canals, fillings and crowns are holding up
  • Early signs of mouth or throat cancer, such as white lesions or blocked salivary glands
  • Other suspicious growths or cysts
  • Position of your teeth
  • Signs that you clench or grind your teeth
  • Signs of bleeding or inflammation on your tongue and on the roof or floor of your mouth
  • Overall health and function of your temporo-mandibular joint (which joins the jaw to skull), checking for signs of disorders that can cause pain or tenderness
  • General condition of the bones in your face, jaw and around your mouth

Dental cleaning

prevention_cleanings_22
Plaque is a naturally occurring substance that exists on the surfaces of the teeth. The bacteria will make the plaque adhere to the teeth and the food particles will cause it to harden and form tartar. Once formed, plaque and tartar irritate the gums causing them to become inflamed, irritated, and infected with gingivitis.

Regular brushing and flossing can remove plaque from which tartar forms. However, once formed, it is too hard and firmly attached to be removed with a toothbrush or floss. A professional tooth cleaning, known as prophylaxis, is a procedure for the removal of tartar and is a preventative treatment of disease. Professional cleaning includes tooth scaling and tooth polishing. This involves the use of various instruments or devices to loosen and remove deposits from the teeth.

  • Peridontal Disease

    prevention_cleanings_23

    Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused when bacteria in plaque builds up between the gums and teeth. When the bacteria begin to grow, the gums surrounding the tooth can become inflamed. If left untreated, this inflammation can cause the gums and supporting bone structure to deteriorate. This can lead to gum recession or even tooth loss.

    Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Gingivitis is often caused by poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral hygiene routine. If left untreated, gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. As the disease progresses, gums separate from the teeth forming pockets that become infected which can lead to tooth loss. This is why it is essential to come for routine dental check-ups.

    Scaling and root planing is a careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and calculus (tartar) from deep periodontal pockets and to smooth the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins.